From City of Hope MUSH
Jump to navigation Jump to search

'+rules combat' says "Combat rules come from the character's sphere respective book", however this doesn't account for combat involving characters from multiple game lines. This is an attempt at a common set of rules suitable for such situations. Players can use different rules if they all agree (+policy hand waving).

  • For non-combat situations (even if they're being resolved at combat speed), see the Dramatic Systems page. This includes a Getting Hurt section for being poisoned, etc.
  • Typical base difficulty for all rolls is 6.
    • If a roll is stated in terms of a primary ability, then a relevant secondary ability can be substituted at -1 difficulty.
    • If a roll is stated in terms of a secondary ability, then a relevant primary ability can be substituted at +1 difficulty.
    • If you don't have the ability at all, then consult the Lack of Ability guidelines.
    • If a substitution is explicitly mentioned below, then it's reiterating these clauses, not stacking with them.
  • Actions without a roll are automatically successful.
  • "Reflex" rolls don't count as actions.
    • Spending from a pool is a reflex, unless otherwise noted.
  • General combat maneuvers described here are allowed.
    • Advanced Combat covers Martial Arts, Pack Tactics, Do, Kailindo, Klaive Dueling, Iskakku, and The Warrior's Halo.
    • If you don't have a relevant stat/level/maneuver, you can still ICly attempt something similar while OOCly reusing the game mechanics of general maneuvers.
  • Standard weapons and armor use WtA Revised stats (page 206 for armor, 207 for ranged weapons, 208 for thrown weapons, 210 for melee weapons).
    • Weapon stats from older game lines (e.g. CtD) should be toned down, as they pre-dated extra successes on all attack rolls (not just firearms) converting to extra damage dice.
  • Rules for taking multiple shots with a bow are taken from Werewolf: the Wild West 239.
  • For mounted combat, see CtD pages 241-242.
  • Specialties may apply to combat (+rules specialties).



Determining initiative

Each character's initiative is their initiative rating (Dexterity + Wits) + 1 die

  • Recalculated each turn
  • PCs: '+combat/init'
  • NPCs: '+combat/init <NPC's name>=<sum of NPC's Dexterity + Wits>'
  • Wound penalty reduces your initiative
    • '+combat/init' doesn't apply this or any other modifier automatically, you must account for them manually
  • Gurahl are -2 init during winter

Declaring actions

Characters declare intended actions in order of initiative, low to high

  • Characters performing multiple actions, using supernatural powers, or spending Willpower must declare those things during this step
  • Characters will act in the opposite order (high to low), thus slower characters telegraph their intent and faster ones can take it into account

Simpler alternative (mostly for PRPs)

Characters declare and act in order of initiative, high to low

  • This should be agreed upon before combat starts
  • First character declares and rolls, then types their pose while the next character is declaring and rolling, and so on
  • OOCly faster and simpler, no one has to deal with a large stack of upcoming declared actions
  • PRP runner should consider declaring for NPCs at start of turn, so that they still telegraph

Performing actions

Characters act in order of initiative, high to low

  • A character can delay their action and take it at any point later in the turn
  • If two characters have the same initiative (or delay until the same moment), then the one with the higher initiative rating acts first. If their initiative ratings are also equal, then they act simultaneously

Timing of multiple actions

  • Main phase: Each character acts once (unless they lose their action due to being stunned, etc.)
  • Extra phase: Any characters with multiple actions perform the rest of their actions in the usual order of initiative
    • Even if multiple actions are described by a book or +note as simultaneous, the player must choose an order for the purpose of determining their outcomes, and only the first one occurs in the main phase


Close combat


  • Without a weapon: Dexterity + Brawl
  • With a weapon: Dexterity + Melee


  • If you don't have Brawl, roll Dexterity at normal difficulty
  • If you don't have Melee, roll Dexterity at +1 difficulty
  • +(variable) difficulty for wearing armor / shield
  • +1 difficulty for melee with a weapon designed for throwing

Ranged combat

Attacker rolls:

  • With a gun: Dexterity + Firearms
  • With a thrown weapon: Dexterity + Athletics (or Dexterity + Throwing at -1 difficulty)
    • Maximum range = (5 * Strength) yards
    • This is for objects up to 3 pounds (e.g. grenades, knives); -5 yards for every 2 additional pounds, down to minimum of 1 yard
    • If you can't lift it, you can't throw it
  • With a bow: Dexterity + Archery (or Dexterity + Athletics at +1 difficulty)
    • Before shooting a bow, a character must spend an action nocking and drawing an arrow (house rule: Archery 4+ eliminates this requirement)
    • On a botch, the bowstring snaps. Repair requires a spare bowstring and an action (Wits + Archery, or Wits + Crafts at +1 difficulty)
  • With a crossbow: Dexterity + Archery (or Dexterity + Firearms at +1 difficulty)
    • Before shooting a crossbow, a character must spend two actions reloading it (house rule: Archery 4+ reduces this to one action)


  • If you don't have the appropriate skill, roll Dexterity at +1 difficulty
  • +(variable) difficulty for wearing armor / shield
  • +1 difficulty for throwing a weapon designed for melee



Attacker rolls damage

  • A botch just counts as a failure
  • If you got multiple successes on the attack roll, add 1 damage die for each one beyond the first


Target rolls soak

  • Reflex
  • A botch just counts as a failure
  • Unsoaked damage decreases target's health (Corpus for Wraiths/Risen)
  • If an attack is described as "unsoakable" or "cannot be soaked":
    • If it's affecting your enemy due to a successful action, then ignore it; the enemy may be able to soak it depending on damage type
    • If it's affecting you or your ally due to a failed or mixed-blessing action, then it applies as written: it cannot be soaked at all, even if the victim can normally soak that type of damage
    • Exception: If someone is explicitly able to soak any type of damage (not just "can soak agg"), then that takes precedence
Race Bashing Lethal Aggravated
Vampire Stamina + Fortitude Stamina + Fortitude Fortitude
Ghoul Stamina + Fortitude Stamina (unless out of vitae) + Fortitude Fortitude
Werewolf and other shifters Stamina Stamina (see below) Stamina (see below)
Changeling Stamina Stamina (house rule) none
Wraith Stamina Stamina Stamina
Demon Stamina Stamina (apocalyptic form only) none
Other Stamina none none


  • Generally adds to soak, regardless of severity (bashing / lethal / aggravated)
  • May not apply, depending on damage type (kinetic, fire, electricity, mental, etc.)
  • Doesn't apply if an unarmored body part is successfully targeted
  • If damage (before soak) is at least twice the armor rating, then the armor is damaged until the wearer has time to repair or replace it
    • Only if the armor applied to that attack

Running out of health

Little Death (Kuei-jin):

  • Soul separated from body for one night per dot of permanent Yin
  • Then spend 1 Chi to revive
  • Remaining Chi is reduced to 1
  • Roll to avoid shadow soul (roll Hun and P'o until one gets more successes; if P'o wins, it controls you for a scene)
  • Health 0 -> incapacitated
  • Incapacitated and take more bashing -> convert it to lethal
  • Incapacitated and take more lethal:
    • Vampires go into torpor (VtM Revised page 216)
      • Kuei-jin suffer Little Death if they have Chi left, die if they don't (KotE 144)
    • Werewolves and other shifters revert to breed form, but die if they take yet more damage of any type (WtA Revised page 187)
    • Others die
  • Incapacitated and take more aggravated -> die (werewolves and most other shifters may still be able to Rage-heal, see below for details)


  • Firearms do bashing damage unless head is targeted (VtM Revised page 215)
  • Electricity does lethal damage unless soak botches (VtM Revised page 227)
  • Unsoaked bashing damage is halved (round down) (VtM Revised page 217)


Fera breed Weak to silver like Garou?
Ajaba Yes (inferred by similarity to Bastet)
Ananasi No (PGttCB 44)
Bastet Yes (Bastet 78)
Corax Weak to gold instead, also +2 diff to soak bashing in any form (PGttCB 78)
Gurahl Yes (PGttCB 87)
Kitsune Lethal, +2 diff to soak (PGttCB 100)
Mokole Weak to both silver and gold (PGttCB 114)
Nuwisha No (PGttCB 134)
Ratkin Yes (PGttCB 140)
Rokea Yes (PGttCB 151)

When does a werewolf's Stamina apply to soak?

  • Silver
    • For homid or lupus in breed form, silver does whatever damage it would do to a normal human or wolf with same stats, and Stamina applies
    • Otherwise, touching silver does aggravated damage, and Stamina doesn't apply
  • Other lethal/aggravated damage
    • In breed form, Stamina doesn't apply
    • Otherwise, Stamina applies
  • Shifters trying to heal during combat: Stamina, +2 difficulty, reflex


  • House rule: Changelings can soak lethal with Stamina.
  • Kamuii (noble) hsien in wani form auto-soak their Stamina when damaged by their own element. (Eight Million Dreams 125) This includes any modifiers to their Stamina, but not other sources of soak (e.g. armor) which are rolled normally.


Projectors who take damage while projecting into the Underworld: (Orpheus 237, End Game 35)

  • Sleepers may soak lethal (but not agg) with Stamina
  • Skimmers may convert lethal (but not agg) to bashing (decreasing their physical body's health levels)
  • Armor can soak lethal/agg as usual, including Juggernaut (Orpheus 112) and Emblem of Protection (End Game 88)
  • Any damage not soaked/converted decreases Vitality instead of health levels (x1 for bashing, x2 for lethal, x3 for aggravated)

Wound penalties and healing

  • Wounds may subtract dice from your action dice pools.
    • Not reflex dice pools
    • Not damage dice pools
    • Not Arete rolls unless mage is incapacitated (MtA 130)
    • Risen wraiths only subtract dice for aggravated damage (The Risen 50)
  • Wounds may also limit your movement.
  • Spend a Willpower to ignore all wound penalties for one turn, unless you're incapacitated or worse (VtM 137, MtA 126, DtF 163)
Damage Description Penalty Time to heal 1 bashing Time to heal 1 lethal/agg
1 Bruised none 1 hour 1 day
2 Hurt -1 1 hour 3 days
3 Injured -1, half speed 1 hour 1 week2
4 Wounded -2, walk 1 hour 1 month2
5 Mauled -2, hobble (3 yards/turn) 3 hours1 2 months2
6 Crippled -5, crawl (1 yard/turn) 6 hours1 3 months3
7 Incapacitated cannot act or move 12 hours1 5 months3

1 Requires medical care to avoid further effects (e.g. extreme pain, broken bones, concussion, impaired senses)
2 Requires medical care to avoid worsening (1 level per day), then healing continues on its own
3 Requires continuous medical care to heal at all

Supernatural healing

Race Time/cost to heal 1 bashing Time/cost to heal 1 lethal Time/cost to heal 1 agg
Vampire, ghoul 1 blood, 1 turn 1 blood, 1 turn 5 blood, 1 day
Ananasi 1 blood, 1 turn 1 blood, 1 turn 5 blood, 1 scene
Other shifter 1 turn 1 turn 1 day
Changeling in Dreaming as mortal 1 day twice as fast as mortal, minimum 1 day
Demon 1 Faith, 1 turn, heals all bashing 1 Faith, 1 turn as mortal
Wraith 1 Pathos, 1 turn 1 Pathos, 1 turn 3 Pathos, 8 hours
Mummy as mortal as mortal but 1 level faster (Bruised in 12 hours) as mortal


  • Do not heal due to passage of time like mortals.
  • If healing with blood and doing something else in same turn, roll Stamina + Survival vs 8 (reflex). Fail = blood spent but no healing, botch = lose another blood and another health level.
  • Blood spent per turn (healing or otherwise) is limited by generation.
  • Healing 2+ aggravated per day also costs 1 Willpower for each level beyond the first.


  • See this page for limits on spending blood.
  • Otherwise subject to same rules as vampires, except they do heal due to passage of time like mortals.


  • Homid and lupus (or equivalents for fera) only regenerate this fast in non-breed form. In breed form, they heal 1 per day in critical condition, otherwise they heal like mortals.
  • Metis (or equivalents for fera) regenerate this fast in all forms.
  • If engaged in combat or other stressful activity, roll Stamina vs 8 (reflex). Fail = no healing that turn, botch = no healing until they rest.
  • Once per scene, a werewolf (or other shifter with Rage) past incapacitated can roll Rage (difficulty 8) to heal one health level per success (can avoid death this way), but start next turn in berserk frenzy. This is not a soak roll and is not applied to the damage done, but is rather counted from Incapacitated backwards. Example: 3 Successes on the Rage vs 8 roll puts you at Wounded regardless of damage taken.
  • Ananasi do not regenerate like Garou, but do heal due to passage of time like mortals. In Crawlerling form, they cannot heal by spending blood.
  • Kitsune do not regenerate like Garou in any of the ways described in this section.
  • Squamus Rokea immersed in salt water regenerate even in breed form.


  • A mage healing another person directly requires Life 3 (Mage ST Handbook 13).
  • Mages healing aggravated damage is vulgar and costs 1 Quint per level of agg healed (MtA 246). They can optionally spend extra Quint to lower difficulty as usual.


  • In a freehold, healing 1 chimerical takes 1 day. In the Dreaming, it takes 1 hour.
  • In a freehold, glade, or the Dreaming, healing 1 bashing or lethal takes 1 day.
  • In a freehold or the Dreaming, healing 1 aggravated takes half as long as usual, minimum 1 day.
  • Healing aggravated with cantrips costs an extra 1 Glamour per level.
  • Hsien in wani form can heal non-agg for 2 Yugen per level, agg for 4 per level. At a dragon nests, costs are halved. (Eight Million Dreams 125, takes precedence over page 52 per errata)


  • Requires a full turn of concentration per Faith spent, and only heals one type at a time, not both.
  • If further damaged during the turn, healing fails but Faith is not spent.


  • Can also Slumber (fade into one of their Fetters for 8 hours). If not interrupted, roll Stamina and heal 1 level per success. This does not cost Pathos.
    • For Risen wraiths, the Stamina roll is difficulty 9.
  • Healing aggravated by spending Pathos is limited to 1 level per 8 hours.


  • A mummy providing ongoing care to someone else causes them to heal lethal at the same faster rate.


  • VtM 138-139, 200, 218; G:FA 29
  • WtA 188; PGttCB 44, 100, 151; Ananasi 73
  • CtD 43-45, 246-247
  • DtF 171, 248
  • WtO 232-233, The Risen 52
  • MtR 136

General maneuvers

Aborting actions / Changing actions

  • Requires succeeding at a Willpower roll or spending a Willpower, unless your declared action is now pointless (e.g. attacking a target that was already killed)
    • Reflex
    • Spending a Willpower this way need not be declared ahead of time
  • New action is +1 difficulty unless it's defensive


  • Can't target someone already in combat
  • Resisted roll, attacker's Dexterity + Stealth versus target's Perception + Alertness
    • Attacker wins: one free attack, each additional success adds 1 die to attack roll
    • Tie: attacker acts first but target can perform a defensive action
    • Target wins: determine initiative normally

Blind fighting / Blind firing

see Complications -> Blinded

Flank attacks / Rear attacks

  • Attack from target's side: +1 die
  • Attack from target's rear: +2 dice


  • A character moves by walking, jogging or running. Per turn movement is:
    • Walk 7 yards
    • Jog 12 + Dexterity yards
    • Run 20 + (3 x Dexterity) yards
      • Crinos Form: Move an additional 2 yards per turn by dropping to all fours.
      • Hispo Form: Move at one and one-half times human speed.
      • Wolf Form: Move at twice human speed.
  • Movement while performing another action:
    • Limited to half your running distance
    • Doesn't count as multiple actions, but the action is -1 die per yard moved
    • Specific types of movement (e.g. leaping, tumbling) may require an action to perform

Multiple actions

  • If you declare N actions, then subtract N dice from the first, N+1 from the second, N+2 from the third, etc.
    • Doesn't apply to desperate defense
  • Extra actions from supernatural powers:
    • Not included in the above penalty
    • Can't be split further
    • Can occur in the same turn as multiple non-supernatural actions, in which case they occur last
    • Example: A vampire with Celerity 3 spends a blood point to activate it. Next turn, he declares 2 actions (N = 2) in addition to the Celerity effect; his first action is -2 dice, his second is -3 dice, and his last three (from Celerity) are all normal.
  • Specific supernatural powers
    • Celerity: spend a blood point, next turn get one extra action per dot of Celerity
      • Activating Celerity is a reflex (does not count as an action, thus cannot be activated multiple times per turn). (VtM 153 "spends a single blood point", 191)
      • Celerity extra actions must be physical, not mental like Dominate. (VtM 153)
    • Rage (Certain Shifters Only): this turn, get one extra action per point spent (maximum = half your Rage)
      • The 'half your Rage' cap applies only to Rage spent for extra actions, you can spend more Rage on other things in the same turn (WtA 205)
      • If you perform more actions in a turn than either Dexterity or Wits, all actions are +3 difficulty
        • Dexterity is the only limiter during Frenzy, Wits is ignored.
    • Distort Time (Time 3): next turn, get one extra action per 2 successes
    • Quicksilver (Wayfare 2): next turn, target gets one extra action per success (Scene realm with multiple targets: successes must be divided among them)
    • Dream Time (Chronos 3): next turn, get one extra action per turn, maximum 5 (actions? turns?), can't cast on same target more than once per scene
    • Faith (some apocalyptic forms): this turn, get one extra action per point spent; first extra action is -1 initiative, second is -2, etc.
    • Tempus Fugit (Pandemonium 5): Starting next turn, get one extra action per success each turn for the rest of the scene. Can only be attempted once per scene.


  • May bypass armor or cover
  • Medium (arm, leg, briefcase): +1 difficulty, normal damage
  • Small (hand, head, laptop): +2 difficulty, +1 damage
  • Precise (eye, heart, lock): +3 difficulty, +2 damage
    • Stake through heart: target vampire's heart and do 3+ damage (after soak); vampire is conscious and can use Auspex, but can't move or spend blood

Defensive maneuvers

  • Each of the target's successes cancels one of the attacker's successes on the attack roll.
  • Even if you have lower initiative, you can declare a defense against an anticipated attack that hasn't been declared yet. If the attack does occur, then your defense resolves at the same time (though it may turn out to be ineffective, e.g. trying to block a gunshot).
  • To abort to a defense, see "Aborting actions / Changing actions".


  • Dexterity + Brawl
  • Close combat only
  • Can't block lethal or aggravated unless you can soak it


  • Dexterity + Dodge
  • Versus Melee or Brawl: requires enough room to bob and weave
  • Versus Firearms: requires moving at least one yard and ending up behind cover, or dropping to the ground
  • Difficulty may vary based on how much cover is available (see Cover) and how far away it is (see Movement)
  • Does not require declaring which attack you're trying to dodge
  • Kitsune can't botch Dodge rolls (counts as simple failure)


  • Dexterity + Melee
  • Close combat only
  • Requires weapon or shield
  • If you parry an unarmed attack with a lethal or aggravated weapon and get more successes, you damage the attacker, adding 1 damage die for each extra success

Desperate defense

  • Declare that you'll spend the entire turn performing defensive actions
  • Instead of the usual penalties for multiple actions, just subtract 1 die from the second action, 2 from the third, etc.

Against combat magic

  • If a magic power/item would do damage to a character, then that character can defend against it (e.g. with Dodge), subject to the same mechanics as defending against a normal attack.
    • Exception: If the power specifically locks onto the target (e.g. mage using Forces + Life and allocating a success to the latter), and the target doesn't specifically have something that negates that (e.g. another Mage with a Life shield already up and running). See also When Are Pattern Spheres Required?
    • Exception: Area-of-effect attacks require escaping the area of effect.

Close combat maneuvers

Attacks that require you to either directly touch the target, or hold a weapon that does so.


Breed Bite / claw Bite (extra damage)
/ claw
Ajaba Crinos Crocas Hyaenid
Ananasi Lilian Pithus (also claw)
Bastet Crinos Chatro Feline
Corax (claw only) Crinos
Garou Crinos Hispo Lupus
Gurahl Crinos Bjornen Ursus
Kitsune (bite only) Koto Juko
Mokole Archid Suchid
Nuwisha Manabozho Sendeh Latrani
Ratkin Crinos
Rokea Gladius Chasmus Squamus
  • Vampire in clinch or hold, or a turn after successfully tackling
  • Shifter in appropriate form
  • Redcap (must spend a Glamour, must call upon the Wyrd to make it non-chimerical)
  • Dexterity + Brawl + 1
  • Damage = Strength + 1 aggravated
    • Increased to Strength + 2 for Redcaps and shifters in appropriate form
    • Reduced to Strength - 1 for Gila monster Mokole in Suchid
    • Vampire can drain blood instead (up to 3 per turn)
    • Redcap can attempt to sever a limb
      • +3 difficulty
      • If redcap gets 5+ successes (3+ if target is grappled first), then limb is severed (head/neck may just be severely traumatized): +3 damage
      • No additional penalty/bonus for targeting


  • Vampire with Feral Claws (Protean 2, aggravated) or bone spurs (Vicissitude 3, lethal)
  • Shifter in appropriate form (aggravated)
  • Dexterity + Brawl
  • Damage = Strength + 1

Clinch / Grapple

  • Strength + Brawl
  • On success, attacker does damage = Strength
  • Either character already in a clinch can use their action to:
    • Do damage = Strength
    • Escape (succeed at resisted Strength + Brawl versus Strength + Brawl)
    • Something else that doesn't require moving limbs


  • Target their weapon with your weapon: Dexterity + Melee, +1 difficulty
    • Target their weapon without a weapon: Dexterity + Brawl - 1, +2 difficulty
  • If damage (before soak) exceeds target's Strength, their weapon is knocked out of their hand
  • Target doesn't take damage
  • Garou can only do this in Homid/Glabro/Crinos


  • Strength + Brawl
  • On success, attacker holds target (no damage)
  • Either character already in a hold can use their action to:
    • Escape (succeed at resisted Strength + Brawl versus Strength + Brawl)
    • Something else that doesn't require moving limbs

Jab pistol

  • Dexterity + Melee with pistol
  • On success, shoot for +2 damage
    • Rubber bullets do normal damage, but lethal instead of bashing
  • Target can try disarm if they act before you


  • Dexterity + Brawl, +1 difficulty, damage = Strength + 1
  • Garou can only do this in Homid/Glabro/Crinos

Multiple opponents

  • Attack and defense are +1 difficulty per each additional attacker, maximum +4


  • Successful parry with weapon, next action is attack with that weapon against that character: +1 die

Strike / punch

  • Normal brawl attack
  • Garou can only do this in Homid/Glabro/Crinos


  • Dexterity + Brawl (leg) or Melee (weapon)
    • Garou in Crinos can sweep smaller target with arm
  • +1 difficulty
  • On success:
    • Damage = Strength (leg) or normal (weapon)
    • Target knocked down unless they succeed at Dexterity + Athletics (+2 difficulty, reflex)

Tackle / Body slam

  • Strength + Brawl
  • +1 difficulty
  • On success:
    • Damage = Strength + 1
    • Attacker knocked down unless they succeed at Dexterity + Athletics (+1 difficulty, reflex)
    • Target knocked down unless they succeed at Dexterity + Athletics (+1 difficulty, reflex)
    • Target is +1 difficulty to all actions next turn
  • On botch, attacker is knocked down or takes damage = target's Stamina

Weapon length / Close distance

  • Target's weapon longer than yours: -1 die

Weapon strike

  • Normal melee attack

Ranged maneuvers


  • Requires Firearms 1+ for a gun or Archery 2+ for a bow
  • Can't be used with shotguns or SMGs
  • Spend one or more turns doing nothing but aiming
  • +1 die per turn (maximum of your Perception)
  • Additional +2 dice (regardless of number of turns) if using a scope or laser sight
  • Target must be moving no faster than walk

Automatic fire

  • Requires SMG or assault rifle with clip at least half full
  • +2 difficulty, +10 dice, empty clip
  • Damage isn't increased, except by extra successes as usual
  • Can't target specific body parts
  • Counts as a single action


  • Light (lying prone, behind telephone pole / streetlight): +1 difficulty to be hit, normal difficulty to hit
  • Good (behind wall): +2 difficulty to be hit, +1 difficulty to hit
  • Superior (only head exposed): +3 difficulty to be hit, +2 difficulty to hit
  • Relic bullets discorporate upon hitting a solid Skinlands object

Multiple shots

  • Multiple-action penalties apply as normal
  • Can't exceed weapon's rate of fire


  • Within 2 yards (point-blank): -2 difficulty
  • Outside normal range: +2 difficulty
  • Outside maximum range (twice normal range): automatic miss


  • Takes an action
  • While readying another arrow for a bow normally takes an action, if the archer has prepared additional arrows for easy acceess beforehand - such as by stabbing them tip-first into the ground in front of them - they may freely split pools and otherwise take extra shots as normal without having to spend actions on reloading (at least until they run out of prepared arrows).

Strafing / Spraying

  • Requires SMG or assault rifle with clip at least half full
  • +2 difficulty, +10 dice, empty clip
  • All targets must be within 3 yards of each other
  • Successes divided evenly among all targets, attacker chooses how to assign leftovers
    • If only one target, successes are halved
  • Damage isn't increased, except by extra successes as usual
  • Dodging such an attack is +1 difficulty
  • Can't target specific body parts
  • Counts as a single action

Three-round burst

  • Requires rate of fire 3+
  • +1 difficulty, +2 dice
  • Damage isn't increased, except by extra successes as usual
  • Counts as a single action

Two weapons

  • Off hand is +1 difficulty, unless you have the Ambidextrous merit at either 1 or 2 dots
  • Multiple-action penalties apply as normal, unless you have the Ambidextrous merit at 2 dots and take no other actions that turn
    • See '+explain Ambidextrous' for further details
  • Some weapons require both hands, though the +1 difficulty does not apply (all relevant +equip templates include 'Two-Handed: Y')



  • Attacking a blinded target: +2 dice
  • Close combat or other vision-dependent action while blinded: +2 difficulty
  • Ranged combat or other vision-dependent action while blinded: +6 difficulty
  • Partly/fully reduced by:
    • Heightened Senses (Auspex 1, penalty halved)
    • Eyes of the Beast (Protean 1, no penalty)
    • Blind Fighting skill (close combat only, Perception + Blind Fighting without applying blindness penalty, reflex)
      • A success reduces your penalty by 1 or reduces bonus to attack you by 1
      • Each 2 additional successes reduce your penalty by 1 or reduce bonus to attack you by 1
    • Other relevant supernatural effects

Dazed / Stunned

  • Occurs when damage successes (after soak) exceed target's Stamina (mortal or mortal+) / Stamina+2 (supernatural)
  • Target loses all actions next turn
  • Attacking a dazed target: -2 difficulty


  • Attacking a partly immobilized target: +2 dice
  • Attacking a fully immobilized target: minimum 1 success


  • Dexterity + Athletics (reflex)
    • Success: get up immediately, but -2 initiative next turn
    • Failure: getting up requires an action
    • Botch: 1 bashing, unsoakable
  • Until you get up:
    • Close combat attacks by you are -2 dice
    • Attacks against you are +2 dice


  • Attacker moving faster than walk: +1 difficulty
  • Target moving faster than walk: +1 difficulty

Magic during combat

Limits by race

  • Vampires are limited only by how much blood they can spend per turn. (VtM 139)
    • House rule: If a power involves spending more blood than your Generation permits in a single turn, then you can spend the blood over multiple turns (reflex, does not count as an action) and then take an action during the last turn to use the power, unless the power explicitly prohibits this.
    • See "Multiple actions" for limits on Celerity.
  • Shifters can't spend Rage and Gnosis in the same turn, unless a single action requires both, or they have an exception (e.g. Chaos Mechanics gift). (WtA 126)
    • See "Multiple actions" for limits on Rage for extra actions.
    • Possessed with Berserker power: "The host is infused with Rage just like a werewolf's, with all the attendant advantages and disadvantages" (Possessed 109), including limits mentioned above.
  • Mages can only cast one Arete effect per turn. (MtA 155)
    • Triggering an Artifact/Invention uses your Arete (but gives you more oomph per success) and thus counts against your limit. Continuously active items don't need to be triggered. (FbDF 15-16)
    • Triggering a Talisman/Device uses the item's Arete and thus doesn't count against your limit; you and the item can each cast one Arete effect per turn. (FbDF 46)
  • Demons can only perform one Lore evocation per turn, but can have multiple evocations simultaneously in effect (number equal to their permanent Faith). (DtF 171)
  • Kuei-jin can normally not spend both Yin and Yang chi on the same turn, though they can ignore this restriction if they have Equilibrium 1+. (KoTE 102)
    • How much Demon Chi a Kuei-jin can spend during a single turn is capped by their Stamina, not their Dharma Rating. (KoTE 91)


  • One-turn duration ends at the end of the turn in which the power was used, unless the power specifies otherwise (e.g. Celerity gives extra actions during the turn after you use it).
  • In general, the power's stated effect is part of the same action, unless it explicitly sets up for a future action (e.g. Lore of Winds 3: the evocation's effect is limited to forming the dice pool, then you use it on a later action).

Additional fera stuff

  • Corax in Crinos or Corvid: -1 diff Athletics
  • Gurahl in anything but Homid: -2 diff Perception based on smell, +2 diff Perception based on sight
  • Rokea in Chasmus or Gladius have jagged skin (hit them barehanded -> 2 levels lethal, soakable if you can soak lethal)